When it comes to naming a street, you can go with the bland: Bella Vista Ave. Or not: Mugabe St (which has been among several contentious new street names under consideration in Durban, South Africa.) In the Palestinian city of Ramallah, some recently named streets celebrate “fallen matyrs”, including American activist Rachel Corrie, who died in Gaza in 2003 in disputed circumstances. Israel too, memorializes its “freedom fighters” from the early 20th century.
You might expect arguments over street names in Israel/the occupied territories and South Africa: these are places with profoundly traumatic recent histories. But wherever there are streets — or other things to name — there are heated debates over what to call them. Why, some ask, name a new federal government building after Ronald Reagan, a small-government president whose administration tried to prevent such statist expansionism?
Also in this podcast, a conversation with Bob Creson, President and CEO of what appears to be the world’s largest Bible translation organization, Wycliffe Bible Translators USA. According to Wycliffe, about two hundred million people lack access to the Bible in their native tongue. So, with the help of technology and donations, Wycliffe has set itself a deadline: it aims to have at least started translating the Bible into every language by 2025. Nearly all the languages that Wycliffe is currently working on are oral languages only: Wycliffe’s field translators must first design a writing system for any of these languages before committing a translation to paper. So in those cases, the Bible will likely be the first book to appear in that language, and that culture. The act of introducing the written word and an outside religion to a group of people who hitherto knew neither is, depending on how you look at it, freighted with promise or fraught with peril. More on this in future podcasts.
Wycliffe, by the way, is named after 14th century theologian John Wycliffe, who translated parts of the Bible from Latin into Middle English.